IHACC Results Sharing Meeting in Nuevo Progreso

Written by Carol Zavaleta

National Indigenous leaders and IHACC Peru team members visited Nuevo Progreso for results dissemination and an informative workshop about food security adaptation to climate change. Photo credit: Guillermo Lancha

National Indigenous leaders and IHACC Peru team members visited Nuevo Progreso for results dissemination and an informative workshop about food security adaptation to climate change.
Photo credit: Guillermo Lancha

A results dissemination meeting was held in the Shawi community of Nuevo Progreso, Peru, in August 2018. The meeting was facilitated by IHACC team members Carol Zavaleta and Guillermo Lancha, and attended by community members and leaders from the Peruvian National Indigenous Development Association (AIDESEP)[i].

Rocilda Nunta, a female youth Indigenous leader, and Indigenous Apu Richard Rubio (Amazonian Indigenous leaders are referred to by the Quechua word Apu), vice president of AIDESEP, expressed their appreciation to the community for receiving them, as it was their first visit to a Shawi community. Dr. Carol Zavaleta presented her PhD thesis findings about climate change, food, and nutritional security, while Guillermo Lancha, a local IHACC research assistant, facilitated interpretation.

During the meetings, Rocilda also shared information about her work experience on food security adaptation to climate change with Quechua women in the neighboring region of San Martin. She provided practical examples of how women can organize local crop production for both food and cash income, and emphasized the importance of promoting food and nutrition security via the utilization of local Indigenous crops and animals.

Richard Rubio, Indigenous Apu, tells stories about how his own community is adapting to new environmental and social changes. photo credit: Guillermo Lancha

Richard Rubio, Indigenous Apu, tells stories about how his own community is adapting to new environmental and social changes.
photo credit: Guillermo Lancha

Indigenous Apu Richard Rubio spoke of the importance of integrating Indigenous knowledge and western scientific knowledge to foster water and food security adaptation, and explained how his own community was adapting to environmental and social changes (for example, using solar light to purify water as a response to environmental contamination).

Before closing the meeting, Rocilda and the Apu Richard expressed their interest in continued collaboration with the IHACC team, and their desire to participate in future events and promote food-related adaption from a local Indigenous perspective.

[i] Note: There are more than fifty Amazon Indigenous groups in Peru and most of them are politically organized in 109 local Indigenous Federations. Every two to three years they participated in internal Indigenous elections to select National Representatives. National Indigenous representatives are part of the Indigenous National Counselling at AIDESEP.

 

New Publication! Participatory Scenario Planning for Climate Change

IHACC PhD student Melanie Flynn recently published an article in Environmental Science & Policy. Melanie conducted a systematic review of the literature to identify and evaluate how participatory scenario planning has been used in the Arctic. Congrats Mel!

CITATION: Flynn, M., Ford, J., Pearce, T., and Harper, S.L. (2018). Participatory scenario planning and climate change impacts, adaptation and vulnerability research in the Arctic. Environmental Science & Policy. 79:45–53.

ABSTRACT: Participatory scenario planning (PSP) approaches are increasingly being used in research on climate change impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability (IAV). We identify and evaluate how PSP has been used in IAV studies in the Arctic, reviewing work published in the peer-reviewed and grey literature (n = 43). Studies utilizing PSP commonly follow the stages recognized as ‘best practice’ in the general literature in scenario planning, engaging with multiple ways of knowing including western science and traditional knowledge, and are employed in a diversity of sectors. Community participation, however, varies between studies, and climate projections are only utilized in just over half of the studies reviewed, raising concern that important future drivers of change are not fully captured. The time required to conduct PSP, involving extensive community engagement, was consistently reported as a challenge, and for application in Indigenous communities requires careful consideration of local culture, values, and belief systems on what it means to prepare for future climate impacts.

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IHACC end of project knowledge sharing workshops in Kampala and Buhoma, Uganda July 27th and 29th-30th

End of project workshop - Buhoma
End of project workshop - Buhoma

Team members from the IHACC project Uganda team were in Kampala on June 27th to host a workshop with participating partners and students at Makerere University to share knowledge and insights gained throughout the 5 years of the project. The team then held a two day workshop in Buhoma on June 29th-30th with community leaders and members, as well as partner organizations. Team members present included Dr. Shuaib Lwasa, Dr. Lea Berrang-Ford, Dr. Sherilee Harper, Mr. Didas Namanya, Ms. Kaitlin Patterson. Workshop participants were given a wealth of materials produced from the project, including copies of scientific papers, reports, results booklets, posters, and presentations. We look forward to future collaborations in the community as IHACC moves to an end, and follow-up projects begin to take shape!

End of project workshop - Kampala

End of project workshop - Kampala

Food system vulnerability amidst the extreme 2010–2011 flooding in the Peruvian Amazon: a case study from the Ucayali region

Sherman, M., Ford, J.D., Llanos-Cuentas, A., José Valdivia, M., and IHACC Research Group (2016) Food system vulnerability amidst the extreme 2010–2011 flooding in the Peruvian Amazon: a case study from the Ucayali region. Food Security, 8(37), 1-20. Abstract:

Projections of climate change indicate an increase in the frequency and intensity of climatic hazards such as flooding and droughts, increasing the importance of understanding community vulnerability to extreme hydrological events. This research was conducted in the flood-prone indigenous community of Panaillo, located in the Ucayali region of the Peruvian Amazon, examining how the 2010–2011 flooding affected the food system at community and institutional levels. Drawing upon in-depth fieldwork using participatory research methods over multiple seasons—including semi-structured interviews (n = 74), focus groups, and seasonal food security calendar and historical timeline exercises—the flooding was documented to have created several opportunities for increased fishing and agricultural production in Panaillo. However, households lacked the resources to fully exploit the opportunities presented by the extreme conditions and increasingly turned to migration as a coping mechanism. International aid organizations were drawn to Ucayali in response to the flooding, and introduced additional programming and provided capacity-building sessions for local institutions. However, local institutions remain weak and continue to generally disregard the increasing magnitude and frequency of extremes, documented in the region over the last decade. Moreover, the long-term implications of community-level and institutional responses to the extreme flooding could increase food system vulnerability in the future. This case study highlights the importance of considering both slow and fast drivers of food system vulnerability in the aftermath of an extreme hydrological event.

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New paper led by IHACC student Sierra Clark on longitudinal analysis of mosquito net ownership and use in an Indigenous Batwa Population after a targeted distribution published in PLoS ONE

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A new IHACC article on mosquito net retention among Batwa was recently published in PLoS ONE. Using a longitudinal approach, Clark et al. 2016 explored the rate of mosquito net retention after an IHACC targeted distribution event among 10 Batwa communities in Kanungu District southwestern Uganda. The results indicate that net non-ownership was high among the Batwa, particularly within the first 3-months following the distribution. Mass targeted distribution campaigns aim to reduce inequities in mosquito net ownership among different socio-economic groups. However, our data showed that amongst the Batwa, household socio-economic status determined retention of nets after the distribution and inequities in ownership increased over-time, disadvantaging the poorest households. This research implies that retention of freely distributed LLINs, particularly for impoverished populations, may remain subject to patterning by socioeconomic gradients. More effective longitudinal monitoring and evaluation programs are needed to assess the long-term impact of free LLIN distributions, particularly among the most vulnerable populations. The article can be viewed here.

Clark S, Berrang-Ford L, Lwasa S, Namanya D, Twesigomwe S, IHACC Research Team, et al. (2016) A Longitudinal Analysis of Mosquito Net Ownership and Use in an Indigenous Batwa Population after a Targeted Distribution. PLoS ONE 11(5): e0154808. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0154808